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Tourism / Transport

Tourism and Heritage Unesco

Maritime and archeological tourism have developed very well over the past 30 years. The southern shores of the island represent the symbolic environments of the Mediterranean Sea and its climate. There are so many cruises that choose Cyprus as a stopover. Even the inland landscape (despite being somewhat isolated) fascinates visitors, especially during the summer.

Cyprus also has great tourism sources protected by UNESCO as World Heritage. In total, the protected sites are 3:

Choirokoitia. The site is in good conservation; It was a neolithic urban setting, it is a rare example of buildings for man of that time. In fact, unlike the other Neolithic sites Choirokoitia, there are massive and studied processing constructions. The city (primate for that time) was fortified by imposing bastions and its inhabitants who lived in sheep farming were protected by a city wall.
Painted churches of Cyprus. These are 10 buildings (nine churches and a monastery) built in Byzantine times, between the 11th and 16th centuries, and disseminated in the mountain range of the Troodos Mountains, which occupy much of the island's surface and is the main one. Between the peaks of the mountains, several churches and monasteries were erected over the centuries, almost all decorated with frescoes that represent the pictorial evolution in the culture of Cyprus. The churches have a typical sloping roof with tiles.
Paphos (original name Paphos), an ancient port city at the western end of Cyprus, today Kouklia, was known for the presence of a sanctuary dedicated to Aphrodite, a goddess born there, according to the ancients. A story intertwined with that of the Roman Empire has given impressive palaces to Paphos where mosaics are still well preserved, depicting events of mythology or history.
Foreign trade

0.43 billion euros (2000).
3.41 billion euros (2000).
Main sectors / products
Tourism, industry (metalworking, chemicals), timber, food and beverages, textiles, clothing, footwear, agriculture (potatoes, citrus fruits, vegetables, barley, grapes, olives).
Main business partners
United Kingdom, Greece, Germany, France, Italy, Russia, United Arab Emirates, South Korea, Japan;
Northern Cyprus: Turkey, United Kingdom.


The traditional folk music of Cyprus has several common elements with Greek, Turkish, and Arabic music including Greco-Turkish dances such as the sousta, syrtos, zeibekikos, tatsia, and karsilamas as well as the Middle Eastern-inspired tsifteteli and arapies. There is also a form of musical poetry known as chattista which is often performed at traditional feasts and celebrations. The instruments commonly associated with Cyprus folk music are the bouzouki, oud ("outi"), violin ("fkiolin"), lute ("laouto"), accordion, Cyprus flute ("pithkiavlin") and percussion (including the "toumperleki"). Composers associated with traditional Cypriot music include Evagoras Karageorgis, Marios Tokas, Solon Michaelides and Savvas Salides. Among musicians is also the acclaimed pianist Cyprien Katsaris and composer and artistic director of the European Capital of Culture initiative Marios Joannou Elia.

Popular music in Cyprus is generally influenced by the Greek Laïka scene; artists who play in this genre include international platinum star Anna Vissi,[217][218][219][220] Evridiki, and Sarbel. Hip Hop, R&B and reggae have been supported by the emergence of Cypriot rap and the urban music scene at Ayia Napa. Cypriot rock music and Éntekhno rock is often associated with artists such as Michalis Hatzigiannis and Alkinoos Ioannidis. Metal also has a small following in Cyprus represented by bands such as Armageddon (rev.16:16), Blynd, Winter's Verge, Methysos and Quadraphonic.


Literary production of the antiquity includes the Cypria, an epic poem, probably composed in the late 7th century BC and attributed to Stasinus. The Cypria is one of the very first specimens of Greek and European poetry. The Cypriot Zeno of Citium was the founder of the Stoic School of Philosophy.

Epic poetry, notably the "acritic songs", flourished during Middle Ages. Two chronicles, one written by Leontios Machairas and the other by Georgios Voustronios, cover the entire Middle Ages until the end of Frankish rule (4th century–1489). Poèmes d'amour written in medieval Greek Cypriot date back from the 16th century. Some of them are actual translations of poems written by Petrarch, Bembo, Ariosto and G. Sannazzaro. Many Cypriot scholars fled Cyprus at troubled times such as Ioannis Kigalas (c. 1622–1687) who migrated from Cyprus to Italy in the 17th century, several of his works have survived in books of other scholars.

Hasan Hilmi Efendi, a Turkish Cypriot poet, was rewarded by the Ottoman sultan Mahmud II and said to be the "sultan of the poems".

Modern Greek Cypriot literary figures include the poet and writer Kostas Montis, poet Kyriakos Charalambides, poet Michalis Pasiardis, writer Nicos Nicolaides, Stylianos Atteshlis, Altheides, Loukis Akritas and Demetris Th. Gotsis. Dimitris Lipertis, Vasilis Michaelides and Pavlos Liasides are folk poets who wrote poems mainly in the Cypriot-Greek dialect. Among leading Turkish Cypriot writers are Osman Türkay, twice nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature, Özker Yaşın, Neriman Cahit, Urkiye Mine Balman, Mehmet Yaşın and Neşe Yaşın.

There is an increasingly strong presence of both temporary and permanent emigre Cypriot writers in world literature, as well as writings by second and third -generation Cypriot writers born or raised abroad, often writing in English. This includes writers such as Stephen Laughton, Michael Paraskos, Stel Pavlou and Stephanos Stephanides.

Examples of Cyprus in foreign literature include the works of Shakespeare, with most of the play Othello by William Shakespeare set on the island of Cyprus. British writer Lawrence Durrell lived in Cyprus from 1952 until 1956, during his time working for the British colonial government on the island, and wrote the book Bitter Lemons about his time in Cyprus which won the second Duff Cooper Prize in 1957. More recently British writer Victoria Hislop used Cyprus as the setting for her 2014 novel The Sunrise.


*Please Note: People Residing in NY, NJ or CT must contact our Consulate General in NY for assistance Tel# (212) 686 6016

**Please Note: Holders of valid double or multiple entry Schengen visa , as well as residence permits issued by Schengen Member States , are not required to hold a short-stay visa to enter the Republic of Cyprus for a time period that does not exceed 90 days in any 180 day period. This provision doesn’t apply to Citizens of Turkey and Azerbaijan who have to follow the regular visa issuance procedure.

Note: For American passport holders no visa is required for a stay of up to 90 days.**

1. Current passport issued within the last 10 years from the proposed date of entry (should be valid for at least three (3) months from the proposed date of departure from Cyprus).The previous passport or letter of confirmation stating that the previous passport has been rendered invalid in accordance with the regulations must be submitted.
2. Visa application form, duly completed and signed. A Notary Public must certify the signature of the applicant if the application for a visa is submitted by mail. In case of minors both parent’s signatures need to be notarized.
3. Two passport size (2X2) photographs, at least one notarized by a Notary Public.
4. Original or notarized copy of applicant’s US permanent residency card or US Visa. Either must be valid for at least three months beyond the period of intended stay in Cyprus.
5. Letter from the applicant stating the reasons for visiting Cyprus.
6. Provisional booking or itinerary with travel arrangements supporting applicant’s single or double entry visa request (indicating a round-trip ticket with fixed dates). Please note that tickets SHOULD NOT be purchased before a Visa is issued.
7. If staying in a hotel, a confirmation of the reservation from the hotel manager is necessary.
8. If visiting friends, a letter of invitation from the friends with their address, phone number and occupation in Cyprus along with the following:
- Certified Assumption of Responsibility form.
- Photocopy of sponsor’s passport, Cyprus ID card or residence
- A copy of sponsor’s tenancy agreement or excerpt from the land registry.
- If host is supporting applicant’s trip financially, proof of income of host for the past three months or a bank certificate is necessary.
9. If traveling for business/conference, an official letter of invitation from a Cyprus company/university must be presented.
10. Depending on your profession you must submit one of the following:
- If employed, a recent (less than one month old) official letter from employer addressed to the Cyprus Consulate with proof of wages/salary.
- If self-employed a letter from the solicitor, the accountant or the bank manager of the applicant.
- If a student, an original letter from the school or University addressed to the Cyprus Consulate confirming status/attendance and duration of the course studies.
11. Copies of applicant’s bank statements from the past three months.
12. An all risk medical insurance policy (of at least €30.000-coverage) covering the whole duration of the stay in Cyprus must submitted. If applicant’s current health insurance policy covers medical emergencies abroad, proof thereof is required in writing – copy of insurance card is not sufficient. Otherwise a traveler’s insurance policy will need to be purchased.
13. Fee for the application of a single entry visa € 20,00* in the form of a cashier’s check/money order, made payable to the Accountant General of the Republic of Cyprus (no personal checks accepted).
The fee for a double/multiple entry visa is € 60,00.* However, the applicant must have sufficient reason for its request and must include documentation to support the consideration of its issuance and the length of its validity.

*Please contact the Consulate Office for the current equivalent amount in US $ dollars.
***Please note the application fee for immediate family members of Cypriot Citizens is made gratis. In addition to the following categories of Serbian passport holders applying for only a single/double entry visa:
- retired people over the age of 60
- immediate family members of Serbians residing in Cyprus
- youth under the age of 25
14. Please enclose a self-addressed certified pre-paid envelope with the appropriate postage or label. The Consular office is not responsible for lost or delayed mail.
The application for a visa must be submitted to the Consular Office of the Embassy at least three weeks prior to the applicant’s proposed date of travel. Please send your visa application and accompanying documents to:

Embassy of the Republic of Cyprus
Consulate Office
2211 R Street, NW
Washington, DC 20008

It is very important that when submitting an application for a visa you include your contact information where the Embassy can reach you during the application process. Omitting such information may result in prolonged visa process.
The Diplomatic Missions of the Republic of Cyprus can issue visas only to persons who intend to visit Cyprus for vacation and for a period not exceeding 90 days within any 180 days.
If there are still questions after reading the instructions carefully, contact the Consular Office at the Embassy of Cyprus at (202) 462-0632 or via FAX at (202)462-5091.

source https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyprus